Additional return investors demand for investing in illiquid assets.
A deep understanding of a specific industry that allows for informed investment decisions.
The process of gathering and analyzing data about a specific industry in order to make informed investment decisions.
Patterns and changes in the performance of a particular industry.
Investment decisions made based on thorough research and analysis.
The first sale of a security to the public.
Initial public offering (IPO)
The process of a private company becoming a publicly traded company by issuing shares to the public.
Initial Trading Day
The first day that a newly issued security is available for trading on a public exchange.
The illegal practice of using non-public information to make investment decisions.
Large organizations such as pension funds and mutual funds that invest large amounts of money in the market.
Financial institutions that provide insurance policies to individuals and businesses.
The process of developing a plan for integrating two or more companies or business units.
The process of combining two or more companies or business units into a single entity.
Intellectual property evaluation
The process of assessing the value of a company’s intellectual property assets.
Interest coverage ratio
A measure of a company’s ability to pay interest on its debt.
The payments made by borrowers to lenders for the use of borrowed funds.
Interest rate risk
The risk that changes in interest rates will affect the value of an investment.
The cost of borrowing money or the return on lending money.
Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
A measure of an investment’s profitability that takes into account the time value of money.
Professionals who work in investment banking and provide financial advice and services to clients.
The business of providing financial services to corporations, governments, and other institutions.
Investment banking fees
The fees charged by investment banks for their services.
Financial institutions that provide services such as underwriting, mergers and acquisitions, and securities trading.
The process of choosing which investments to make based on various factors such as risk, return, and market conditions.
Investment grade bonds
Bonds issued by companies with good credit ratings.
Investment-grade corporate debt index
A benchmark index that tracks the performance of investment-grade corporate bonds.
Goals that investors aim to achieve through their investments.
The potential for loss or negative returns on an investment.
Investment strategies for fixed-income securities
Techniques for investing in bonds and other fixed-income securities.
A plan for how to allocate funds in order to achieve specific investment goals.
Various types of investment options, such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds.
The level of trust and belief that investors have in a company or the market as a whole.
The involvement of investors in the buying and selling of securities.
The communication and interaction between a company and its investors.
Investor reliance on credit ratings
The degree to which investors rely on credit ratings to make investment decisions.
The return on investment that investors receive from a particular investment.
IPO (Initial Public Offering)
First sale of stock by a company to the public.
A model in which the company issuing securities pays the investment bank for underwriting services.